Fire retardant nanocoatings for wooden structures

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Published Sep 14, 2021
Ujwal Shreenag Meda
Deekshasushmith S Manjunatha C

Abstract

Wood is one of the natural resources that is used as a construction material since time immemorial. Most of the buildings in Western/European countries are completely constructed with wood [1]. Wooden constructions are cost-effective, lightweight, easy to construct, and can withstand natural calamities [2]. These constructions catch and transfer fire rapidly. It can also generate a considerable quantity of smoke and poisonous fumes when burned. In the year 2018-2019 American fire department reported more than 1.3 million cases of fire which caused 3,655 damages, 15,199 injuries, and around USD 25.6 billion property loss [5]. Existing fireproof coatings are toxic and release harmful gases when burnt leading to environmental pollution [4]. Hence the development of eco-friendly fire retardant nanocoatings is gaining importance.

Nanocoatings are the thin layer coatings that are used to preserve the outer layer of different building materials such as wood/timber and other materials. It also prevents corrosion and provides resistance to climatic changes. Nanomaterials such as silicon dioxide, carbon nanotubes, and aluminum oxide are commonly employed as fire-retardant materials on the surfaces such as wood, textiles, plastic, metal, and cement [1].

This review article brings out the application of nanotechnology for the fire safety of buildings. The use of fireproof nano-coated textiles/fabrics as depicted in figure 1,  and paints consisting of fireproof nanomaterials make the wood/timber fireproof. The nanomaterials that bring in the fire retardant property, development of coatings using such materials, technologies such as HefCel as shown in figure 2 and in-situ polymerization, the use of materials such as carbon nanotubes, nano-silica, nano clay, etc to bring the fire retardant properties to wood, are discussed in detail.

How to Cite

Meda, U. S., S, D., & C, M. . (2021). Fire retardant nanocoatings for wooden structures. SPAST Abstracts, 1(01). Retrieved from https://spast.org/techrep/article/view/332
Abstract 4 |

Article Details

Keywords

Fire Retardant Nanocoatings, Wooden Construction Materials, Nanocoatings

References
[1] Nanotechnology in eco efficient construction(materials, process and applications) by Liubov Vakhitova ((PDF) Fire retardant nanocoating for wood protection 16 L.N. Vakhitova (researchgate.net))
[2] Alongi, J., Carosio, F., 2016. All-inorganic intumescent nano coating containing montmorillonite nano platelets in ammonium polyphosphate matrix capable of preventing cotton ignition. Polymers 8, 430.(https://www.mdpi.com/2073-4360/8/12/430)
[3] Highly fire retardant coatings developed from nano cellulose (https://www.nanowerk.com/nanotechnology-news2/newsid=52662.php)
[4]Aziz, H., Ahmad, F., Zia-ul-Mustafa, M., 2014. Effect of titanium oxide on fire performance of intumescent fire retardant coating. Advanced Materials Research 935, 224e228 (https://www.infona.pl/resource/bwmeta1.element.elsevier-ec46a116-5c74-3d9d-b454-a68177e27091)
[5] How nanotechnology is improving fire safety measures by Benedette Cuffari, M.Sc.(https://www.azonano.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=5485)
[6] The nano coatings used in construction by Unmesha Ray(https://www.azobuild.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=8269)
Section
GM1: Materials

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