Design & Development of Electronic Nose for Explosive Chemical Detection

Main Article Content

Article Sidebar

Published Sep 2, 2021
ABHAY DESHPANDE

Abstract

Rise in accidents pertaining to leakages in chemical plants have given rise to an urgent need for a more accurate and cost effective method of detection and avoidance. Use of electronic nose for detection of toxic chemicals provides an effective solution due to its ability to monitor crucial data and note irregularities. An efficient method of data management provides precise information to predict and avoid catastrophes. The main objectives of this work is to design an Air Quality monitoring system to check humidity, temperature, altitude and pressure levels along with detection of the presence of explosive chemicals. It measures the concentration of the various gases in the environment/surrounding and make it a feasible solution in the industrial scenario. Equip the user with a graphical user interface to display the concentration of gases and to notify the concerned authorities on crossing the predetermined levels. The developed prototype can be mounted near the area of potential leakages or at strategic locations in chemical industry sites such as disposal, storage or stockpiling sites. It can also be mounted on autonomously controlled mobile objects such as a land rover or quad-copter. The data gathered can be viewed real time on the Telegram bot API dashboard interface as well as tabulated for further analysis and pattern recognition in a data server using SQL.

On comparing the weight analysis between the proposed model in this work to the one mentioned in [1], it was observed that, in the reference paper the final prototype having similar functionalities weighed 1.27 Kg whereas the proposed prototype in this project has a total weight of 0.87 Kg, thus improvement of 32% was observed in terms of weight .The prototype in [2] which used the Esp32 with no additional antenna was restricted to a range of 50-100m whereas in the proposed model the GSM module integration extends the range to a large extent and is restricted only by the lack of network coverage by service provider in a particular area. This increases the available time of the device and reduces downtime. In a hospital or strategic industry warehouse or site, the sleep mode incorporated onto the Esp32 can be configured to take periodic reading for every pre-set time interval according to the user requirement. This brings down the power consumption from 160-260 mA to 2-20 mA. Hence the overall performance was increased to 92% when compared with 4 such parameters.

How to Cite

DESHPANDE, A. (2021). Design & Development of Electronic Nose for Explosive Chemical Detection. SPAST Abstracts, 1(01). Retrieved from https://spast.org/techrep/article/view/132
Abstract 4 | PDF Version Download Downloads 11

Article Details

Keywords

Air Quality monitoring

References
[1] Diclehan Karakaya, Oguzhan ulucan,Mehmet Turkan, “Electronic nose and its Applications: A Survey”, International journal of Automation and Computing, 17(2), April 2020, pp.179-209, DOI: 10.1007/s11633-019-1212-9.
[2] Bartosz Szulczy ́nski ,Krzysztof Armi ́nski , Jacek Namie ́snik, Jacek G ̨ebicki, “Determination of Odour Interactions in Gaseous Mixtures Using Electronic Nose Methods with Artificial Neural Networks” Sensors 2018, pp.1-17, DOI:10.3390/s18020519.
[3] Vijay S. Palaparthy; Shambhulingayya N. Doddapujar; Gaurav Gupta; Pallabi Das; Saurabh Arun Chandorkar, Soumyo Mukherji, Maryam Shojaei Baghini,V Ramgopal Rao, “E-Nose: Multichannel Analog Signal Conditioning Circuit With Pattern Recognition for Explosive Sensing” IEEE Sensors journal, Vol.20,Issue 3,Feb 1 2020, pp. 1373-1382, DOI: 10.1109/JSEN.2019.2946253.
[4] Dailyne Macasaet, Argel Bandala, Ana Antoniette Illahi, Elmer Dadios, Sandy Lauguico, Jonnel Alejandrino, “Development of an Electronic Nose for Smell Categorization Using Artificial Neural Network”Journal of Advances in Information Technology Vol. 12, No. 1, February 2021,pp. 36-44, DOI: 10.12720/jait.12.1.36-44.
[5] T. Das, D. Jyoti Sut, V. Gupta, L. Gohain, P. Kakoty, and N. M. Kakoty, “A mobile robot for hazardous gas sensing”, International Conference on Computational Performance Evaluation (ComPE), 2020, pp. 062-066. DOI: 10.1109/ComPE49325.2020.9200082.
[6] V. Joshna, M. Kashyap, V. Ananya, and P. Manitha, “Fully autonomous robot to detect and degasify hazardous gas after ood disaster", 2nd International Conference on Power and Embedded Drive Control (ICPEDC), 2019, pp. 134-139. DOI: 10.1109/ICPEDC47771.2019.9036703.
[7] T. Gao, C. Zhang, Y. Wang, J. A. Diaz, J. Zhao, and B. G. Willis, “Machine learning assisted nanoparticle-based chemiresistor array for explosive detection," IEEE Sensors Journal, vol. 20, no. 23, pp. 14 016{14 023, 2020. DOI: 10.1109/ JSEN.2020.3007493.
[8] P. P. Ricci, A. S. Rossi, and O. J. Gregory, “Orthogonal sensors for the trace detection of explosives”, IEEE Sensors Letters, vol. 3, no. 10, pp. 1-4, 2019. DOI: 10.1109/LSENS.2019.2944587.
[9] A. S. Rossi, P. Ricci, and O. J. Gregory, \Trace detection of explosives using metal oxide catalysts," IEEE Sensors Journal, vol. 19, no. 13, pp. 4773-4780, 2019. DOI: 10.1109/JSEN.2019.2904246.
[10] G. Mozzhukhin, A. Mara_sli, S. Mamadazizov, B. C_ olak, and B. Rameev, “Remote sensing for the detection of explosives and energetic materials by 14n nqr and 14n nmr," in 2019 PhotonIcs Electromagnetics Research Symposium - Spring (PIERS- Spring), 2019, pp. 4001-4008. DOI: 10.1109/PIERS-Spring46901.2019.9017544.
Section
GE1- Electronics