Main Article Content

Article Sidebar

Published Sep 8, 2021
AMOGHAVARSHA B C Hareesha B N Harish R Rakshith S P


In this new era, where technology is advancing by leaps and bounds, everything is evolving swiftly and transitioning into being automation systems. With the advancement in technology, human interruption has become less and robots are being utilized for various works and the welfare of beings. According to the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), it's estimated that quite 1.2 lakh deaths are caused due to fire accidents in India from 2010-2014.Robotics has provided the advancement of technology where it's considerably possible to exchange humans with robots for fighting the hearth . The robotics and automation industry which is ruled the sectors from manufacturing to house hold entertainments. It is widely used because of its simplicity and ability to modify to meet changes of needs. The project is designed to develop a robotic vehicle using android application for remote operation attached with wireless camera for monitoring purpose. Detection of fireside and trying to extinguish the hearth may be a very dangerous job for the hearth extinguisher and it's going to also risk his life. This project aims for giving technical solution for the above mentioned problem.

A robot is a machine capable of carrying out a complex series of actions automatically,

Especially one programmable by a computer. A robot can be controlled by a human operator,

Sometimes from a great distance. Robot may be a device, which performs human task or behave sort of a human-being. It needs expertise skills and sophisticated programming to style. For designing a fire fighter robot, many sensors and motors were used. During extinguish process if any obstacle comes in between the prototype and the affected area the ultrasonic sensor detects the obstacle in response the Robot changes the direction to pass the obstacle to reach the source of fire.

This project describes a new economical solution of robot control systems .In general; the robots are controlled through wireless network. The entire system is programmed using an Arduino UNO board (ATmega328Pmicrocontroller) which acts as the brain of the system. The programming of the robot takes time if there's any change within the project the reprogramming has got to be done. Human intervention is becoming less every day and robots are used widely for the purpose of safety.

For implementing the fashionable technology it should be known by all the users to form use of it. To reach and to full-fill all these needs we are using android mobile as a multimedia, user friendly device to control the robot. This idea is that the motivation for this project and therefore the main theme of the project. In this modern environment everybody uses smart phones which are a part of their day-to-day life.A fire Accident is disaster that can potentially cause the loss of life, property damage and permanent disability to the affected victim. This proposed work proves to be cheap and components are advanced in technology with low power consumption. The proposed model is cost efficient as every module used is available in the market at an affordable price

How to Cite

AMOGHAVARSHA B C, Hareesha B N, Harish R, & Rakshith S P. (2021). FIRE DETECTION AND EXTINGUISHING ROBOT. SPAST Abstracts, 1(01). Retrieved from
Abstract 10 |

Article Details


arduino uno, extinguisher, fire fighting

[1] M. Aliff, M. Yusof, N. S. Sani, and A. Zainal, “Development of fire fighting robot (qrob),” Development, vol. 10, no. 1, 2019.

[2] S. Kumar and V. S. Sisodia, “Development of wireless fire-detection and multipur pose extinguisher robot,”

[3] S. Mittal, M. K. Rana, M. Bhardwaj, M. Mataray, and S. Mittal, “Ceasefire: The fire fighting robot,” in 2018 International Conference on Advances in Computing, Communication Control and Networking (ICACCCN), IEEE, 2018, pp. 1143–1146.

[4] M. Nagesh, T. Deepika, and D. M. Stafford Michahial, “Fire extinguishing robot,” International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer and Communication En gineering, vol. 5, no. 12, 2016.

[5] A. C¸ akir, N. Farooq, and E. Ezzulddin, “Fire-extinguishing robot design by using arduino,” IOSR J. Comput. Eng, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 113–119, 2016.

[6] M. Diwanji, S. Hisvankar, and C. Khandelwal, “Autonomous fire detecting and extinguishing robot,” in 2019 2nd International Conference on Intelligent Commu nication and Computational Techniques (ICCT), IEEE, 2019, pp. 327–329.

[7] N. HAN and T. HLA, “Design and implementation of flame sensor and obstacle detection for automatic fire fighting robot,” International Journal of Scientific En gineering and Technology Research, vol. 7, no. 02, pp. 0262–0266, 2018.

[8] V. Spurny, V. Pritzl, V. Walter, M. Petrlik, T. Baca, P. Stepan, D. Zaitlik, and M. Saska, “Autonomous firefighting inside buildings by an unmanned aerial vehicle,” IEEE Access, vol. 9, pp. 15 872–15 890, 2021.

[9] M. R. A. Rahat, M. M. Rashid, M. C. Dey, and T. Banik, “Design and implemen tation of a safety fire fighter (saff) robot with dual controlling mechanism,” in 2020 IEEE Region 10 Symposium (TENSYMP), IEEE, 2020, pp. 937–940.
GE1- Electronics