Main Article Content
In Current Construction Industry many developments are happening towards green concept, where the waste materials are reused to avoid the accumulation of Waste and reducing the conception or destroying the environment. In Line with the same green concept this study is done such that Manufacture Sand called as M Sand has been used as the replacement for Fine Aggregate. Coconut Shell has been used as replacement for Coarse Aggregate. The Replacement of M Sand as Fine Aggregate has helped in reducing the exploitation of riverbeds. Manufactured Sand are produced by crushing the rocks that are obtained from hills and mountains. The Coconut shell has been used as the aggregates for producing lightweight concrete. As the Coconut shell has the properties of storing water this helps in internal curing of the Concrete. In this research have done the analysis of short column and long column with normal concrete and coconut shell concrete using M-sand in its place of R-sand. 12 Columns with different reinforcements have casted and tested. 6 columns for Short Columns and 6 for long columns. In the short columns both normal concrete and coconut shell concrete are casted with 3 different types of reinforcements. The same different types of reinforcements are done for long column too. These columns are casted and cured using gunny bags for 28 days.
How to Cite
Coconut shell; M-sand; Density; Strength; Column; buckling; stiffness
2. M.A. Mannan, C. Ganapathy, Long-term strengths of concrete with oil palm shell as coarse aggregate, Cement and Concrete Research 31 (2001) 1319–1321.
3. M.A. Mannan, C. Ganapathy, Mix design for oil palm shell concrete, Mix design for oil palm shell concrete, Cement and Concrete Research 31 (2001) 1323–1325
4. M.A. Mannan , H.B. Basri, M.F.M. Zain, M.N. Islam, Effect of curing conditions on the properties of OPS-concrete, Building and Environment 37 (2002) 1167 – 1171
5. M.A. Mannan, C. Ganapathy, Engineering properties of concrete with oil palm shell as coarse aggregate, Construction and Building Materials 16(2002).29-34.
6. M.A. Mannan, C. Ganapathy, Concrete from an agricultural waste-oil palm shell (OPS), Building and Environment 39 (2004) 441 – 448.
7. E.A. Olanipekun, K.O. Olusola, O. Ata, “A comparative study of concrete properties using coconut shell and palm kernel shell as coarse aggregates”, Building and Environment 41 (2006) 297–301.
8. M.A. Mannan, J. Alexander, C. Ganapathy, D.C.L. Teo, Quality improvement of oil palm shell (OPS) as coarse aggregate in light weight concrete, Building and Environment 41 (2006) 1239–1242.
9. D.C.L. Teo, M.A.Mannan, V.J. Kurian, C. Ganapathy, Lightweight concrete made from oil palm shell (OPS): Structural bond and durability properties, Building and Environment 42 (2007) 2614–2621
10. Abdul Rahman, I, Abdul Rahman, M.Z.A and Ahmad Zaidi, A.M. (2008). Morphology and physical behavior of foamed concrete under uniaxial compressive load: standard unconfined compressive test, UTHM Research Technical Report, pg 1-10.
11. Temple, M.C. and Sakla, S.S., “Consideration for the Design of Single Angle Compression Members Attached by One Leg,” Proceedings, International Conference on Structural Stability and Design,Kitipornchai, Hancock, Bradford (Eds), Balkema, Rotterdam, 1995, pp107-112.